The Sundarbans, the largest of the littoral mangroves of the world spreading over the coastlines and hinterlands of India and Bangladesh, is the dwelling place of the renowned Royal Bengal Tiger and estuarine crocodile. The Sundarbans National Park was declared one of the natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India in 1982. Of late, the Sundarban has also come up among the finalist contestants of the New 7 Wonders of the World.
What to see in Sundarbans Tiger Reserve about the flora and fauna?
Crocodiles in Sundarbans National Park, Sundarbans forest spreading over a huge area measuring more than 10 thousand square kilometers is the largest tidal halophytic mangrove forests of the world. The Botanical Survey of India records D. Prain’s research on the flora of Sundarbans, enlisting 245 general and 334 plant species in 1903. Since then in the last century, there have been vast changes, though little official efforts have been made to make a complete survey of the Sundarbans flora, enriched with Sundari, Garan, Gewa, Keora and many more. Nevertheless, Sunderbans Tiger Reserve is more famous for its wildlife. The Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera Tigris Tigris) is the most known and most elegant habitant, with a population of more or less 270 according to the 2011 Tiger Census. The rich wildlife of Sunderbans Tiger Reserve include estuarine crocodiles, leopards, Chital deer, Indian muntjacs, leopard cats, Gharials, Rhesus Macaque (common monkey), wild boars, Gangetic dolphins and many more.
Brown Kingfishers in Sundarbans National Park the Sundarbans wildlife sanctuary also hosts a wide species of birds. The brown winged kingfishers as well as masked fin foots are some of the endangered and most beautiful birds among the somewhat 170 species of avifauna of the Sundarbans. Some other mostly seen birds in this national park are storks, water hens, white ibis, pariah kites, spotted doves, coots, swamp partridges, mynahs, herons, pelicans, lots of ducks, stints, woodpeckers, plovers, pintails, teals, cormorants and many more.
How to reach Sundarbans Tiger Reserve from Kolkata?
From Kolkata to Sundarbans by road: Accessing the Indian part of the park is quite convenient. There are lots of buses, reaching Kolkata to Sundarban by road, usually departing from Deshapriya Park and Science City, Kolkata. The boarders are shifted to large 45 seater boats at Sonakhali for a river cruise in Sundarbans. The boat will sail down the waters of Hogol, Korotal and Gosaba rivers through Shojnekhali and Peechkhali. The last major habitation point is Gosaba, a river junction, after which the forest becomes dense to the point of impregnability and villages are too scarce to find. The distance of Sonakhali from Kolkata is 100 km. Some other major places in Sundarbans where buses regularly ply from Kolkata are Raidighi (75 kms), Najat (92 km), and Namkhana (105 km). Now that you know the route, maybe you should thi9nk about finally booking your flights even if it is the last minute flights. These days, the conveniences that have increased allow you to book any kind of flights including business class flights. So just book one for yourself. Adios!