We all know India did not get independence overnight. It was a struggle of many tiresome years! It was fights, movements, struggles, revolutions and what not that took place before India got independence finally. There were many cities and villages that were destroyed while some were separated during the partition. However, there are some places that hold the significance of being there constantly all throughout the struggle. And these are the places that had a crucial role in shaping the independence struggle of our brilliant legacy. Revisit the below places related to the history of Indian freedom movement and pay your tribute to the martyrs.
Allan Octavian Hume was the one who was responsible from the side of the British to form the Congress and do you know where it all happened? Of course, such a dumb question when the heading says it all! Okay I got it! Yes Mumbai, (Bombay once upon a time) played a very crucial role in the formation of the Indian National Congress. This city also served a very important role in many other ways in the Independence movement of India.
- CALCUTTA, NOW KOLKATA!
Calcutta was where the first nationalist organization, Indian National Association was founded by the duo Surendranath Banerjee and Ananda Mohan Bose. This city was the center for all the discussions and meetings related to the Indian Nationalism throughout the entire period of revolution and have also given us great leaders and poets like Subhash Chandra Bose and Rabindranath Tagore.
- BARRACKPORE, WEST BENGAL
Remember the great Indian Sepoy Mangal Pandey? Of course who can forget him? Not even the Britishers eh? So he was the major revolutionary and a great freedom fighter and was in charge of all the major happenings of the year 1857. It was here where it all had started and that also led to the famous statement by him which sent chills through the nerves of people those days. He said “And it starts from here.” Such a bold statement with such simple words!
- JHANSI, UTTAR PRADESH
This city is undoubtedly famous and was named after the brave and bold Rani Lakshmi Bai who was the ruler of this kingdom and lost her life fighting bravely. Apart from that after this city was gone to the Britishers, it was the Sepoy mutiny movement that highlighted this city when the foreigners invaded fiercely into this city and destroyed the remnants too. Nevertheless, they still couldn’t remove or destroy many things that are a part of the UP tourism now.
- CHAMPARAN, BIHAR
When Gandhiji came back from England, he went ahead and started the Champaran Satyagraha for the Indian farmers and their needs for cultivation of crops and not the Indigo for dyeing clothes. This forced act was banned finally after this Satyagraha. This led to the name Chamaparan and the rest is history. This is also the place from where non-violence politics started by Mahatma Gandhi.
- CHAURI CHAURA, UTTAR PRADESH
There were a group of peaceful demonstrators who were ruthlessly killed by a police officer for no proper reason and then it all started. The Chauri Chaura Incident! You remember it now! The tired, saddened and the angry mob couldn’t control their emotions anymore and ended up setting fire to the entire police station and killed 22 policemen. I wish it was enough for the Britishers to flee but their stubbornness beat everything that came their way.
- JALLIANWALA BAGH, PUNJAB
Who wouldn’t know about the very famous and legendary Jallianwala Bagh massacre? 13th April 1919, when the British Army Commander Reginald Dyer ordered his troops to open fire on the crowd of Baishakhi Pilgrims and non-violent protesters. A fading total of 1650 rounds were fired on innocent crowd resulting in 379 deaths. The park still holds the record of being a major graveyard where it is believed that thousands of souls still haunt the place.
We hope you found this article useful and if you did then do not forget to like, comment and share this article with everyone you know. Make sure to book some last minute flights or business class flights to fly down and see all the unseen places in India. Adios!