“1650 rounds fired. Nation wounded forever!”
99 years ago, who would have thought that one fine morning when everyone gathered in the compound to offer prayers and their usual rituals, the British army would shut down the only gate and start murdering people ruthlessly! Presenting you the memories from the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, I am here to share ad discuss about this place that held a major significance in the history of India and the entire world happens to remember it.
SHORT NOTE ON JALLIANWALA BAGH TRAGEDY:
The story doesn’t have much to reveal but then the pain and grief are truly indelible. It was the day of April 13 in the year 1919 when everyone was gathering out in the public garden of Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab. This was the time when the unrest had become worst in the regions of Punjab and Bengal where people were taken into internment without the knowledge of other committees. This was a part of agenda of the Rowlatt Act which was passed in the year 1919 and this was a legislative act. This was when Mahatma Gandhi came in to be one of the revolutionaries of the nation and this was the time when there were protests to release two most significant freedom fighters Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew of the Indian Independence Movement. The protests grew violent and that led to the burning of the Town Hall and Railway station. There were even disruptions of telegraphs and communication system. This was all happening but what angered the British government more was the deaths of the European Government officials. The revenge had to follow. The British Government passed the entire Punjab under Martial Law and prohibited all the social meets and public gatherings. People were banned from conducting any sort of public meetings and processions.
But April 13 was the day of Baisakhi, the new year of Punjab and everyone had to come and meet each other and gather around to celebrate the Baisakhi horse fairs and other important rituals. But Colonel Reginald Dyer had announced the implementation of a curfew and had banned the group gatherings already. So this was supposed to be a secret meet in the Bagh which was 7 acres large and a few entrances which were locked. The locks had already rusted and hence it showed the gates were unused and the only gate that was used was the front gate. The entire garden was covered with huge walls which made it impossible for people to climb. So people thought that their meet would be confidential. But Dyer came to know about these plans and got his army ready at the only entrance on time.
By mid-day, thousands of people were gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh including the devotees at Harmandir Sahib. This entire place was crowded by the devotees, traders, farmers and merchants who visited Amritsar to witness the Baisakhi horse and cattle fair. Once everyone entered the Bagh, General Dyer closed the single gate left open and that meant the imprisonment of everyone inside the garden. Then the firing was announced and people were killed ruthlessly. Nearly 25000 people were present inside and not even a single person went out alive. There was blood spewing in the air and the cries of people were heard out loud. Men, women, kids, youth, newborns, nobody was spared. Everyone was killed. The major motto of this firing was not to disperse the people but to teach them a lesson for disobeying the orders passed out to them. There were some of the patriots who didn’t want to get killed in the hands of these people and so they jumped into the well to die with pride. The firing went on for 10 minutes and it was ceased only when the weapons were exhausted. This ruthless act of the British was followed everywhere else in Punjab as the act was approved and spread further by the Viceroy. This mass killing left a major mark in the lives of many.
So these were some of the facts related to the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy and if you have never really known about them and wish to see this place then visit Amritsar to pay tribute to all those people who gave up their lives here. You can never be late for this. Let us know in the comment section below if you wish to know more about this place or want Indian Eagle to help you reach this place. Do not forget to like and share this article to spread this tale of tragedy of independence.