Tribes of Chhattisgarh: A Rich Tapestry of Culture and Heritage



Chhattisgarh is located in the center of India, tucked among gorgeous green forests and hilly terrain. This amazing region is renowned not only for its gorgeous natural grandeur but also for its varied and indigenous individuals. The tribes of Chhattisgarh have a fascinating history and a complex tapestry of culture and tradition that will enchant everyone. 

Here you will venture on a journey to learn about Chhattisgarh’s tribes and their distinctive customs, cultural practices, and mode of life.

List of Some of the Tribes in Chhattisgarh

  • Gond Tribe: Guardians of the Forests
  • Baiga Tribe: The Forest Dwellers
  • Bison Horn Maria Tribe: Guardians of Traditions
  • Dhurwa Tribe: A Glimpse into History

Gond Tribe: Guardians of the Forests

The Gond tribe, one of Chhattisgarh’s primary tribal inhabitants, has a close relationship to the tall trees that cover them. They are referred to as the “guardians” of these vast woodlands, and their way of life focuses on their profound connection with nature.

Culture and Traditions:

The Gonds have a vibrant cultural heritage, with music and dance playing a pivotal role in their celebrations. Their traditional instruments, such as the ‘Madal’ and ‘Mandar,’ are used to create melodious tunes that resonate with the spirit of their land. The ‘Karma’ dance is a prominent feature of their festivals, where the Gonds come together in colorful attire, reflecting their joy and unity.

Artistic Expression:

One remarkable aspect of Gond culture is their unique art form, known as ‘Gond Painting.’ These intricate and vibrant paintings depict scenes from nature, mythology, and daily life. Gond artists have gained international recognition for their distinctive style, making these artworks highly sought after by collectors worldwide.

Baiga Tribe: The Forest Dwellers

The Baiga tribe, also deeply connected to the forests of Chhattisgarh, are often referred to as the ‘Forest Dwellers.’ They lead a simple yet harmonious life, living in sync with nature’s rhythms.

Spiritual Beliefs:

For the Baigas, every aspect of nature is sacred. They worship the ‘Baradeo,’ a deity who is believed to protect their villages and forests. Their rituals and festivals, such as ‘Fagli’ and ‘Bhagoria,’ are filled with spiritual significance and are celebrated with great fervor.

Traditional Medicine:

One of the most fascinating aspects of Baiga culture is their mastery of traditional herbal medicine. They have a meticulous grasp of the forest’s therapeutic plants and spices, which they use to treat a variety of illnesses. This ancient proficiency has been passing down for eras and is still a key part of their way of life.

Bison Horn Maria Tribe: Guardians of Traditions

The Bison Horn Maria tribe, known for their unique name and distinctive customs, are an integral part of Chhattisgarh’s tribal landscape.

Traditional Attire:

What sets the Bison Horn Marias apart is their traditional attire. The men wear a ‘Phutiya,’ a piece of clothing that resembles a loin-cloth, while the women adorn themselves with colorful ‘Lugdas.’ These attire choices are not just clothing but also symbols of their cultural identity.

Dance and Music:

Like other tribal communities, the Bison Horn Marias have their own traditional dances and music. The ‘Kaksar’ dance is a lively performance that showcases their exuberance and joy during festivals and celebrations.

Dhurwa Tribe: A Glimpse into History

The Dhurwa tribe, with a rich history since centuries, presents a glimpse into the history of Chhattisgarh’s tribal legacy.


One of the most amazing aspects of Dhurwa culture is their distinctive architectural style. They are known for their ‘Gotul’ houses, which are communal dormitories for young boys and girls. These structures are a testament to their communal way of life and serve as spaces for social bonding and learning.

Festivals and Celebrations:

The Dhurwas celebrate various festivals with great enthusiasm. The ‘Hariyali’ celebration, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is a lavish experience marked by dance, melody, and traditions. It reflects their deep-rooted sacred ideas and reverence for their divinities.

These are just a few of the many tribes of Chhattisgarh that enhance the cultural tapestry. Each tribe has its own special customs, beliefs, and way of life, contributing to the diversity and heritage of the state.

Chhattisgarh’s tribal communities are an essential part of the state’s cultural mosaic. Their amazing traditions, customs, and way of life are a testament to the diversity and richness of India’s heritage. As you delve into the intricate details of these tribes, you gain a deeper preference for the contributions to the tapestry of Chhattisgarh’s civilization. Let’s celebrate and keep the legacy of these tribes, ensuring that their stories continue to shine brightly.

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