The Advent of 5G in India and What it Entails



As India was just beginning to accept the high-speed 4G network, a new generation of network; 5G, was announced in many parts of the world. In many developed countries, there was skepticism about the use of the 5G network. But slowly as smartphone companies began integrating this network into their new launches, people were keen to use its high-speed services.

5G in India or better to put it this way; the 5G era in the country began towards the end of 2021 after an indigenous test project was completed. Now, most of the new mobile phones that are launched in the country have access to this high-speed network.

What is 5G?

5G is the fifth generation of mobile networks. It is the next in line after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. It virtually connects smart devices and delivers an increased multi-Gbps data speed, a higher reliability, availability, network capacity, and a low latency along with a uniform user experience.

Difference Between 4G and 5G

As it is an advanced generation of mobile network, 5G is better than 4G in almost every area. Here are some of the differences between both 4G and 5G.

  • 5G is almost 100x faster than 4G.
  • 5G has a better latency.
  • The 5G network is more secure and regularized.
  • 5G has a better IoT device performance.
  • 5G has a better speed and millimeter wave spectrum.

Which Country was the First One to Launch 5G Services?

Most countries including the United States, United Kingdom etc were in the race to start offering 5G services to their citizens but South Korea became the first country to accept and roll out 5G services on April 3, 2019.

5G in India

Bharti Airtel along with Huawei were successful in conducting India’s 5G network trial. Slowly other competitors such as Jio and Vodafone Idea began offering the 5G services to their users in 13 major cities that include New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad etc. Although most of the people in the rural areas still do not have access to 4G services, it is to be seen how the 5G services will be rolled out throughout the country.

Now Ahmedabad-based Adani Group, which is well-known for port development and operations, is all set to enter the 5G telecom race in the country. It is said that the new 5G spectrum will also be utilized in order to create a private network that will support the group’s businesses from airports to power.

5G Scope and Challenges in India

The rollout of the 5G services all over the country can add up to 35,00,000 crores to the Indian economy. Here are some of the benefits of 5G in India.

  • High-speed surfing
  • Better connectivity
  • Enhanced access to mobile banking
  • Better online healthcare services
  • Empowerment of small businesses
  • Transformation of smaller cities into smart cities

Here are some of the challenges that can come up while implementing 5G services in a country like in India.

  • Lack of optimal fiber infrastructure.
  • Lack of adequate capital with telecom companies.
  • Late adoption might cause a decrease in revenue.
  • Lack of government subsidies might be a hindrance.

The rollout of 5G in India will not only help people with better connectivity and enhanced surfing speed but can be seen as a step to make it into a more digitally powerful country.

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